Rabbits make great family pets, but often, owners might not know about the some of the common ailments these animals can face. Just as you would for any pet, talk to your vet about preventative care, such as tick and flea treatment and spaying and neutering in Cupertino . Keep an eye out for these common rabbit illnesses as well, and make an appointment with your vet if you notice any of the symptoms.
Pasteurellaâmore commonly known as snufflesâis a bacterial infection that usually occurs during or after periods of stress. If your rabbit has snuffles, you may notice watery eyes, matted fur on the paws, nasal discharge, and sneezing. Because snuffles are highly contagious, keep your affected pet isolated from other rabbits until you can see the vet for treatment. Typically, snuffles can be effectively treated with antibiotics, but advanced cases may require surgery. You can minimize your rabbitâs risk of getting snuffles by minimizing his or stress. This means keeping a clean hutch and feeding your rabbit a healthy diet.
Rabbits are extremely susceptible to heat stroke, and they are even more at risk when they live outdoors. To prevent heat stroke, make sure your rabbit has ample protection from the sun and always has a fresh supply of water available. On hot days, consider setting up a fan near your rabbitâs hutch so that fresh air will be circulated. If your rabbit seems lethargic or isnât eating, take him or her to the vet for evaluation right away. Heat stroke can be deadly if it is not treated promptly.
Ear mitesâsmall bugs that cause irritation and inflammationâare common in rabbits, even if you are fastidious about keeping his or her hutch clean. Youâre unlikely to see the mites, but you will notice their effects, such as a brown, crusty skin around the ears. Rabbits with ear mites also scratch their ears excessively. Typically, mites can be treated with mineral oil, but always consult with your vet to get a definitive diagnosis before beginning treatment.