Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) occurs when the catâs bladder cannot evacuate urine. The urine backs up and causes discomfort. FLUTD can be fatal if a veterinarian doesnât treat it promptly. Cat parents in the San Jose area should know how to recognize the signs of FLUTD to facilitate early diagnosis and treatment. When you watch this video, youâll learn that FLUTD is typically indicated by little to no urine production, loss of appetite, vomiting, and more frequent, yet unproductive visits to the litter box.
The veterinarian in this video explains how your vet can diagnose FLUTD. To treat it, the vet can sedate your kitty and place a urinary catheter to drain the urine. Cats with FLUTD will typically need fluids, and possibly antibiotics and a change in diet. Younger male cats are more likely to get FLUTD, especially if they are overweight.
Dental care is an oft-overlooked part of feline wellness, even among the most conscientious of cat parents. Unfortunately, just like in people, cats can develop plaque on their teeth. This can harden into tartar, which inflames the gums and leads to gum disease. Advanced periodontal disease can cause your kittyâs teeth to loosen, and this means your vet will need to administer some heavy-duty treatment. Keep your cat safe from these distressing problems with the right dental care. A vet in San Jose can give you all the info you need to support healthy teeth and gums.
How can I tell if my cat has a dental problem?
Itâs normal for pets to have stinky breath after theyâve eaten. If your cat has consistently foul breath, itâs time to see a vet. Other signs of dental problems in felines include:
- Dropping food frequently while eating
- Having trouble chewing
- Biting at the air
- Scratching the mouth or ears frequently
- Leaving bloody spots on chew toys
- Drooling excessively
Does my cat need a dental check-up?
Your kitty probably does need a dental check-up if itâs been a while since the last teeth cleaning, if he or she has never had one before, or if youâve noticed any potential indicators of dental problems. Your vet will let you know how often to bring your feline in for subsequent dental check-ups and professional cleanings.
How can I get my cat to let me use a toothbrush?
In addition to having your vet clean and examine your catâs teeth, you should try to care for them at home. Your vet can show you the right tools and techniques to use, but itâs to be expected that your cat will put up a fight. Start by getting him or her accustomed to the taste of the toothpaste. You can dilute the toothpaste with a little water from a can of tuna (donât buy tuna packed in oil for your cat), and you could also try rubbing a little tuna water around your catâs gums. This might mellow out your cat enough to let you use a kitty toothbrush.
What toothpaste should my cat use?
Cats should never have toothpaste made for humans, as ingested fluoride can cause illness. Use toothpaste designed specifically for felines. Choose a flavor you think your cat will enjoy.
Hamsters are fun, quiet, easy to care for, and can make great pets. If youâre thinking about adding a hamster to your family, then keep reading to learn some of the advice that your veterinarian in San Jose would provide when welcoming your new pet home .
Set Up Her Living Environment
To prepare your home for a new hamster, begin by setting up her cage with the appropriate materials and accessories. Itâs ideal to use the same food, bedding, and nesting materials that she is accustomed to, as this will make the transition easier and less stressful for your new pet. If you want to use different products, then introduce them slowly. Finally, use paper products for your hamsterâs bedding and avoid pine and cedar options because these can present health problems.
Give Your Hamster Time to Adjust
Once your hamsterâs cage is set up and youâre ready to bring her home, keep in mind that she will probably feel stressed by the changes in her environment, such as new sounds, unfamiliar smells, and separation from her littermates. For this reason, you shouldnât be in a rush to handle your hamster. Although you must provide her with fresh food and water every day, you should avoid picking up or petting your hamster for a few days. Also, discourage your family members or friends from handling her during this adjustment period. Finally, you can cover her cage with a light cloth to give your new pet more privacy and fewer distractions as she acclimates to her new home.
Introduce New Pet Hamsters Slowly
If youâre bringing home a dwarf hamster to be a companion for another dwarf hamster, then do not introduce them to one another right away. This is important because you should quarantine your new hamster for about 2 weeks to be sure that she isnât sick. Finally, placing your hamsters in neighboring cages can give them time to get used to one another, which can lead to a smoother face-to-face introduction.
When it comes to heartworm disease , your veterinarian in Cupertino will inform you that prevention for your canine is key. Heartworm disease is a potentially life-threatening infection that is transmitted through mosquito bites and causes worms to grow in your petâs heart. Continue reading to learn how heartworm preventatives protect your dog.
Protection Against Heartworm Disease
You may be surprised to hear that heartworm prevention medications do not protect your pet from the initial infection. Instead, a heartworm preventative kills off heartworms that may be in your dogâs system, but only those that are in their larval stages. Because they do not address adult heartworms, these medications are not suitable for treating an active heartworm infection. There is a selection of heartworm preventatives available. Some options are oral medications while others are topical. Also, some medications have monthly dosages, while others need to be administered as infrequently as every 6 months.
Protection Through a Prescription
It frustrates some pet owners that they need to have a yearly prescription from their veterinarian to purchase heartworm preventatives. However, there is a good reason for this requirement. Before providing you with a heartworm prevention prescription, your veterinarian will test your dog for an active heartworm infection. The reason for this is that if your pet is already infected with heartworm disease, then she may suffer life-threatening side effects if treated with preventive medication. Even if you believe that your dog has been continuously protected for the past year, a dose that was missed, spit out, or vomited up may have left your pet vulnerable to infection for a period.
Protection from Infection Year-Round
Because mosquitoes are less active during the winter in many parts of the country, some dog owners only treat their pets with heartworm preventatives for part of the year. However, due to unpredictable temperature changes, the American Heartworm Society advises dog owners in every state to treat their pets with heartworm preventatives year-round. Protecting your dog from heartworms through every season is a smart way to help ensure her health.
Many people know that a nutritious diet is important for the health of their canine companion , but sometimes people unknowingly allow their pet to eat potentially life-threatening foods. To help avoid the need for emergency trips to a veterinarian in San Jose, watch this video to learn about foods that your dog should never be allowed to eat.
The avocados that you use to make guacamole should not be part of your canineâs diet because they can lead to stomach upset and intestinal blockages. Also, the macadamia nuts that you may love to snack on can cause tremors, rear leg weakness, and fever in your dog. If youâve ever had a hangover, then you realize how badly too much alcohol can cause you to feel. Dogs are even more sensitive to alcohol than humans, and severe cases of alcohol ingestion can potentially lead to seizures, coma, and death in canines.
Also known as hepatic lipidosis, fatty liver can be fatal for cats if left untreated. For this reason, you should bring your pet to your veterinary clinic in San Jose immediately if she exhibits the symptoms of this condition, which can include decreased appetite or no appetite, weakness, lethargy, jaundice, vomiting, drooling, and dehydration. A cat with this condition may hide, exhibit weight loss or muscle wasting, and have constipation or small fecal sizes.
When a cat goes without food for a few days, this can cause a problem with fat filtration into the liver and lead to hepatic lipidosis. Fatty liver disease occurs more commonly in obese cats and can be caused by the introduction of a new diet or stressful situations like a new pet or baby in the home, moving to a new location, or having guests visit.
If your cat is diagnosed with fatty liver disease, she will probably require constant care for a few days. Some components of her treatment plan may include I.V. fluids, the placement of a temporary feeding tube, antibiotics, appetite stimulants, and anti-vomiting medication.
Rabbits are a popular type of pet due to their quiet but playful nature. To keep your rabbit healthy, your veterinarian near San Jose will tell you that being aware of what your rabbit should not be exposed to is essential. Read on for some helpful information about poisoning that all rabbit owners should know.
Understanding Poisoning in Rabbits
Your rabbitâs biological systems can be affected by toxic substances. Poisoning can make your pet sick and even be fatal, so knowing how to prevent this problem and recognize the signs of poisoning in your rabbit is key. If youâre unsure about the safety of a food or product for your rabbit, speak with your veterinarian.
Preventing Poisoning in Rabbits
Rabbits can be poisoned by ingesting a toxin or being exposed to a topically applied product. Some examples of ingested toxins include some houseplants, outdoor poisonous plants, anticoagulant rat poisoning, some medications and antibiotics, medication overdoses, and lead poisoning through licking or chewing lead-containing household items. Topically applied products that often cause poisoning in rabbits include ointments and sprays in high concentrations, pesticides, insecticides, and flea collars. To avoid poisoning, itâs important to be careful about letting your rabbit play and graze outdoors, be mindful of what objects she can come in contact with indoors, and ensure that a product or medication is safe before applying or feeding it to your pet.
Diagnosing Poisoning in Rabbits
Some signs that may indicate that your rabbit is suffering from poisoning include loss of appetite, depression, lethargy, seizures, digestive problems, and a loss of body temperature regulation. If you suspect that your rabbit has been poisoned, then head to your local veterinary clinic right away. The veterinarian will ask you about your petâs medical history, when her symptoms began, and any circumstances that may have caused the poisoning. The more information you can provide at this stage, the faster your veterinarian may be able to diagnose the condition. Following a diagnosis, your veterinarian will speak with you about what treatment options are available, which will depend on the nature of the poisoning.
Guinea pigs are fun and playful pets, and they are a great choice for young children who want to take care of an animal. Although they are generally easy to care for, they do require the same things all animals do, including plenty of food, fresh water, and regular trips to your veterinarian in San Jose . One problem guinea pig owners frequently face is vitamin C deficiency in their pets. Could your guinea pig be lacking in vitamin C? Here is what you need to know.
The symptoms of a vitamin C deficiency include lethargy, enlarged joints, mobility issues, diarrhea, and discharge from the eyes and nose. The coat may feel rough, and your guinea pig may become more sensitive to being handled. If you notice these conditions, make an appointment with your vet as soon as possible. He or she may prescribe vitamin C injections or supplements to reverse the deficiency. Your vet can also recommend dietary changes to help your guinea pig avoid vitamin C issues in the future.
Heartworm disease is a serious diagnosis, but it is both preventable, and often, treatable. The best way to protect your dog from heartworms is to learn about the condition and know when to see the vet in San Jose for diagnosis and treatment. Here is what you need to know.
What is heartworm disease?
Heartworm disease occurs when a particular type of parasitic roundworm called Dirofilaria immitis infects the heart of a dog. Heartworms are most common in areas along the Gulf and Atlantic coasts, as well as the Ohio and Mississippi basins, but they can do and do appear in all 50 states. Heartworms are transferred to dogs through the bite of an infected mosquito. They cannot be transmitted by infected dogs to other dogs.
What are the symptoms?
Heartworms have a long incubation period, as symptoms do not appear until the larvae transmitted by the mosquito have reached the heart and lungs and grow. This can take six months or more from the time of the bite. Very mild cases of heartworm diseaseâcalled Class Iâmay not cause any symptoms at all. Class II heartworm disease is associated with coughing and new exercise intolerance. Class III is the most severe form of heartworm disease. Dogs with Class III heartworm disease can experience anemia, fainting, rapid heartbeat, high blood pressure, and chronic heart failure. It is important to make an appointment with the vet right away if you see these symptoms. He or she will use a series of tests to determine if your dog has heartworms.
What treatments are available?
Heartworm disease requires aggressive treatment in most cases. Your vet may hospitalize your pet to administer a medication called an adulticide to kill the mature heartworms. After the initial round of medication, your dog will need monthly medications at home. For severe cases, surgery is necessary to remove large numbers of heartworms.
Can heartworm disease by prevented?
Your vet can prescribe a monthly medication that is extremely effective in preventing heartworm infestations. Heartworm prevention should be part of your regular care plan for your dog.
Pet owners arenât the only ones who can have reactions to pollen, dust mites, and other triggers. Your dog can also suffer from allergies to everything from an irritating cleaner on the floor to a flea bite. Giving your dog regular flea medication in San Jose to prevent infestations is helpful. Watch this video to find out what else you need to know about dog allergies.
If your dog chews at his or her paws, rolls around to try and scratch his or her coat, and persistently licks the same area, allergies could be to blame. Pollen and dust mites are common triggers for dogs. Some dogs are also allergic to fleas and flea bites. If you suspect your dog has allergies, see the vet. Treatments are available to ease the inflammation and keep your dog more comfortable.
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